Defined as sculptors of figurative animal subjects the Animalier school of artists became popular in the early 1800’s and the origin of a wonderful selection of the finest bronzes of both the 19th and 20th Centuries. In the Paris Salon of 1831 when Antoine Louis Barye exhibited his first animal sculpture, one zealous French art critic dubbed him an Animalier: maker of animals, the species deprived of human nobility. This was intended as a criticism and not a flattering title. This perception changed in the 1830’s when the new monarch, King Louis-Philippe gave several public commissions to Barye. The King’s son, the Duc d’Orleans, also became Barye’s patron and by the middle of the 19th Century any artist was proud to be known as an Animalier.