Emile Gallé (French, 1846 ~ 1904) An artist, botanist and furniture designer, Gallé was the most famous of the Nancy Art Nouveau Glass-makers. He is best known for his Cameo Glass, which is made by layering coloured glass, using acid to remove part of the layers and on the better pieces adding wheel carved detail. His work normally signed Gallé in relief. Born in Nancy, France, in 1846, Emile Gallé is considered one of the most outstanding glass artists of his time, as he greatly contributed to the development of the art of glassmaking and to the Art Nouveau Style. He travelled in Paris, London and Weimar after his training, which included art, botany, and chemistry, and began producing fine pottery, furniture and jewelry. In 1873 he set up his own glass studio and a year later he took over his father’s glass and ceramics factory in Nancy. At the 1878 International Exhibition in Paris he was inspired by the glass works of some of his contemporaries. At the Paris International Exhibition in 1889, he presented his own new types of glass, including carved cameo and pate de verre work, new shapes of vases and extraordinary new colors. In 1901, he founded “”L’Ecole de Nancy”.