Böttger stoneware is a significant and historical ceramic type that originated from the Meissen manufactory in Germany. In the early 18th century, the alchemist Johann Friedrich Böttger discovered the formula for producing true hard-paste porcelain, which was highly sought after at the time. However, before perfecting porcelain, Böttger and the Meissen artisans experimented with stoneware production.
Böttger stoneware, also known as "Böttgersteinzeug" in German, was created from a red stoneware clay body and was distinct from the delicate and translucent porcelain that Meissen later became renowned for. The stoneware featured a smooth and polished surface, often adorned with intricate engravings, relief work, or applied decorative elements.
Meissen's Böttger stoneware was heavily influenced by the Baroque and Rococo artistic styles, and its production was relatively short-lived. It was mainly manufactured between the early 1710s and the mid-1720s, as the focus soon shifted towards porcelain production.
Today, surviving examples of Böttger stoneware are highly prized collectibles and are often found in museums and private collections worldwide. Their rarity and historical significance make them sought after by ceramics enthusiasts and art aficionados alike.
In conclusion, Böttger stoneware represents an important phase in the artistic and technical development of Meissen ceramics. Its creation laid the foundation for the renowned Meissen porcelain that would later become synonymous with exquisite craftsmanship and luxury.