A fine set of 6 glasses and decanter set by Baccarat Glass, the six panel cut glasses of hexagonal form along with the tall fluted decanter complete with stopper. Exhibiting excellent hand cut detail and each piece stamped Baccarat France to the underside.
The History of Baccarat Crystal
Baccarat is a manufacturer of fine crystal glassware located in France. The company owns two museums: the Musée Baccarat in Baccarat, Meurthe-et-Moselle and the Musée Baccarat, Paris, on the Place des États-Unis in Paris. Groupe du Louvre is the majority shareholder of the company.
In 1764 King Louis XV of France gave permission to found a glassworks in the town of Baccarat in the Lorraine region in eastern France to Prince Bishop Cardinal Louis-Joseph de Laval-Montmorency (1710-1802). Production consisted of window panes, mirrors and stemware until 1816 when the first crystal oven went into operation. By that time over 3000 workers were employed at the site.
Baccarat received its first royal commission in 1823. This began a lengthy line of commissions for royalty and heads of state throughout the world. In 1855 the company won its first gold medal at the Worlds Fair in Paris. The first time it began marking its work with a registered mark was in 1860. The mark was a label affixed to the bottom of the work. In the period 1846-1849 Baccarat signed some of their high quality glass millefiori paperweights with the letter B and the year date in a composite cane. A special paperweight dated 1853 was found under the cornerstone of a bomb damaged church when construction recommenced after World War 2. The crystal production expanded its scope throughout this period, and Baccarat built a worldwide reputation for making quality stemware, chandeliers, barware, and perfume bottles.
The Imperial Era ended in 1867 with the defeat of Napoléon III. Influences outside France began to have a stronger influence on this work during this era, particularly imports from Japan. The world’s largest chandelier and a staircase lined with this crystal balustrade adorn the Dolmabahçe Palace in Istanbul. Strong growth continued in Asia. It became quite famous at the royal houses, the queen of Portugal , for example, commissioned for his private collection decorative pieces and tableware (currently exhibited in the Ajuda National Palace ). One of the strongest production areas for Baccarat was perfume bottles, and by 1907 production was over 4000 bottles per day. In 1936 Baccarat began marking all of its works via acid or sandblasting.
Baccarat created an American subsidiary in 1948 in New York City. They started to produce pieces based on Cylon designs, as the famous Cylon Carrier – Napoleon Hat piece (1958). As of 2010 there are stores in Costa Mesa, California; Houston, Texas; Greenwich, Connecticut; New York City; Palm Desert, California; and Las Vegas. A retrospective was held in 1964 at the Louvre Museum to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the crystal works. In 1993, they began making jewelry and in 1997 the company expanded into perfume. In 2003, the company were relocated to 11, place des Etats-Unis in Paris.
In 2005 it was acquired by Starwood Capital Group in the United States. In 2012 Starwood announced it would use the name for a luxury hotel chain “Baccarat Hotels and Resorts” which will feature company’s crystal chandeliers.
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